Picking the right breed of dog suitable for you and your family should be your first priority. There are many breeds of dogs that were originally created to have a purpose such as the Golden Retriever to hunt, the Border Collie to herd and the Newfoundland to pull nets for fishermen and to haul logs from the forest for the lumbermen. These breeds were developed to use their minds and their bodies. Too many people buy them because the dogs are athletic, beautiful, intelligent, sensitive, loyal and attentive without taking the needs of the dog into consideration. All dogs need on-going interaction with the family along with regular training but some breeds have an instinctive need to fullfil a purpose and require far more then the occasional walk around the block. These dog can and do make great family pets however they must belong to fair owners who will meet their demand for an active lifestyle that stimulates both their mental and physical needs.
Many breeds of dogs also require extensive grooming. If you are not the type of person who enjoys this kind of on-going daily activity then owning a dog from one of these breeds can become a nightmare for both you and the dog. The Newf’s thick coat needs regular raking and brushing especially during seasonal shedding.
Far to often people purchase a dog for their child's pet, stick them in the back yard, rarely interact with the dog on a regular basis and give them absolutely nothing to do. Any dog placed in such an unhappy position will create something to do, and it will be loud, destructive and difficult to live with. Only when a dogs needs are met then and only then are they the wonderful pet you've earned that is both welcome in the home and in society. Please do your RESEARCH: Purchase the RIGHT DOG for the RIGHT REASONS.
Females tend to be smaller than males. Females can damage the grass, males can damage your trees. Males say "I love you, I love you, I love you". Females tend to say " Love me, Love me, Love me". Other then that male and female Newfoundland can be both either submissive or dominate, active or quiet. It is the individual dogs temperament and proper training that will determine whether he or she will make a suitable pet for your home. Sex is more of a personal preference usually based on looks. Think ahead to what you want your dog to look like 2 years down the road, do you want a strong masculine look or soft feminine features? In the past have you always had a certain sex? Do you feel comfortable with that or do you want a change? If your family companion recently pass away do you want a puppy who when grown is similar in looks or completely different?
Spaying in females tends to be a bit more expensive as it is a major operation however it nullifies the chances of the dog suffering mammary or uterine cancer as well as pyometra, an infection of the uterus. Neutering cost less as it is a simple procedure that eliminates the chances of testicular cancer. Both of these will not change the dogs temperament however if done early enough it will prevent unwanted behaviours associated with mating.
Decide if a quiet submissive puppy, or a more dominant puppy is better suited to your family situation ie do you have young children? What expectations or goals do you have for your puppy,ie agility dog or house companion? What is your own and your families activity level? What is your own personal experience, are you a previous dog owner? Even though factors such as temperament, size and activity level can be fairly predicable within the Newfoundland breed, in a litter of puppies there is still a range in the degree of individual differences. PLEASE NOTE! dominance and aggression are not the same thing. When referring to being dominate or submissive we are referring to the confidence level and ability to take over as pack leader if one is not provided. Dominant puppies can be a handful for inexperienced owners but can be perfect for active homes and for on-the-go owners who want their pet to accompany them through their recreational activities. Families who are consistent in their expectations and training are better suited for the more dominant puppy. Submissive puppies are shy and may need special handling. They are not the perfect choice for families with young rambunctious children who may overwhelm the puppy but are perfect for families who use positive training methods and like to take their pet with them on personal errands and family vacations to ensure proper socialization. An all round, middle of the line, bomb-proof puppy is the preferred temperament for families with very young children or who have members of the family with a disability but this puppy may not have the extra spark needed of that agility or obedience prospect. All types of temperament can have positive and negative associations. Training, socialization and complete family interaction is what will make any dog an animal that is once again a welcome member both in your home and in today's society.
This should be your very last criteria and should be a flexible preference. Picking a Newfoundland puppy by colour is the biggest gamble ever. We all have in our minds eye what our perfect dog looks like but our main priority should always be that our dog matches our needs and lifestyle.